District of Columbia

  • Project Labor Agreements

    The City Council strongly encourages the use of project labor agreements on publicly-funded projects exceeding $75 million. Use of PLAs will be determined by the mayor on a project-by-project basis.

  • Prevailing Wage

    Yes, covered by federal Davis-Bacon Act.

  • Right to Work


  • Public-Private Partnerships

    Statute authorizes the use of P3s on horizontal and vertical construction projects. Unsolicited bids are considered, but through a competitive bid process.

  • Workforce Development Incentives

    Current labor supply satisfies 62% of peak labor demand.

  • Career and Technical Education

    45% of CTE high school graduates are placed in colleges or careers.

    DC recognizes NCCER as an approved curriculum for CTE programs.

  • Job Growth Rate


Monthly Unemployment Rate in District of Columbia

Please see ABC's state-by-state construction unemployment data here.

Industry Overview

Prompt Pay

Private: No policy.
Public: 30 calendar days, excluding legal holidays, after receipt of a proper invoice for the amount of the payment due.
Subs: Prime must pay subs within 7 days or notify them they won’t be paid within 7 days.

Immigration/E-Verify Mandate

No law in place.

Percentage of State GDP From Nonresidential Construction


Incidence Rate


Occupational Safety & Health Oversight (State vs. Federal)

Federal oversight.

Percentage of Union Membership in Private Construction


Marijuana Legalization Status

Legalized for medicinal and personal use. Not yet available in retail settings.

Business Facts

Minimum Wage


Percentage of Pensions Funded


Effective Real-Estate Tax Rate


Corporate Income Tax Rate(s)


State and Local Public Construction Expenditures (in millions)