• Project Labor Agreements

    Statute prohibits government-mandated PLAs on public and publicly-assisted construction projects.

  • Prevailing Wage

    Yes; $25,000.

  • Right to Work


  • Public-Private Partnerships

    No statute authorizes or prohibits P3s on public projects.

  • Workforce Development Incentives

    Incumbent Worker Training Program – Provides grant funding to small businesses for short-term, skill-based training that results in a certificate or accreditation. Small businesses must be an existing client of the Business Expansion and Retention program or a Small Business Development Center. Businesses must have less than 50 statewide employees have been in operation in Montana at least one year.

    Primary Sector Workforce Training Grant – Grants to businesses that create net new primary sector jobs (firms with an excess of 50% gross sales out-of-state or provide local customers with products that are otherwise unavailable) and provide training or education to new employees hired within 2 years of the grant award. A primary sector business creating jobs in Montana is eligible for up to $5,000 for each net new full-time job created and $2,500 for each net new part-time job created that pays at least 170% of the state minimum wage.

    Employer Apprenticeship Tax Credit – Provides state businesses with a $750 tax credit for every person hired where the worker is offered on-the-job training through the Montana Registered Apprenticeship office. For every veteran hired and given an apprenticeship opportunity, businesses will be provided a $1,500 tax credit.

  • Career and Technical Education

    97% of CTE high school graduates are placed in colleges or careers.

    Montana does not recognize NCCER as an approved curriculum for CTE programs.

  • Job Growth Rate


Monthly Unemployment Rate in Montana

Industry Overview

Prompt Pay

Private: Monthly unless alternate payment disclosed in the bid documents; invoices deemed approved after 21 days unless alternate payment disclosed in bid docs; payment due 7 days after approval unless alternate payment disclosed in the bid docs.
Public: 30 days after the invoice is delivered or labor/materials are provided.
Subs: For private and public, prime to subs and subs to lower tiers within 7 days of an invoice.

Immigration/E-Verify Mandate

No law in place.

Percentage of State GDP From Nonresidential Construction


Incidence Rate


Occupational Safety & Health Oversight (State vs. Federal)

Federal oversight.

Percentage of Union Membership in Private Construction


Marijuana Legalization Status

Voters legalized medical marijuana in 2004 but the Montana Legislature later passed a bill limiting the scope of the initiative, including limiting dispensaries to having no more than three users.

On November 8, 2016, voters approved the Montana Medical Marijuana Initiative, also known as I-182, which repeals the three-patient limit for medical marijuana providers.

Business Facts

Minimum Wage


Percentage of Pensions Funded


Effective Real-Estate Tax Rate


Corporate Income Tax Rate(s)


State and Local Public Construction Expenditures (in millions)