• Project Labor Agreements

    Statute prohibits government-mandated PLAs on public and publicly-assisted construction projects.

  • Prevailing Wage

    Yes; $25,000.

  • Right to Work


  • Public-Private Partnerships

    No statute authorizes or prohibits P3s on public projects.

  • Workforce Development Incentives

    Incumbent Worker Training Program – Provides grant funding to small businesses for short-term, skill-based training that results in a certificate or accreditation. Small businesses must be an existing client of the Business Expansion and Retention program or a Small Business Development Center. Businesses must have less than 50 statewide employees and no more than 20 employees in one location.

    Workforce Training Grants – Grants to businesses that create net new primary sector jobs (firms with an excess of 50% gross sales out-of-state or provide local customers with products that are otherwise unavailable) and provide training or education to new employees hired within 2 years of the grant award. All expenses except salaries can be covered by grant reimbursement, and the new job must provide an average weekly wage that meets or exceeds the lesser of 170% of the state’s current minimum wage or the current average weekly wage of the county in which the employees are principally employed.

    There are no direct incentive programs for associations that provide training. That said, there are programs for employers and there have been at least a few instances where the employer applies for the funding knowing they will utilize an association for the training.

  • Career and Technical Education

    85% of CTE high school graduates are placed in colleges or careers.

    Montana does not recognize NCCER as an approved curriculum for CTE programs.

  • 5-Year Average Job Growth Rate (2011-16)


Monthly Unemployment Rate in Montana

Industry Overview

Prompt Pay

Private: Monthly billing cycle for the contractor to submit monthly progress payment requests and final payment requests to the owner.
Public: Monthly payments unless otherwise agreed to in the contract.
Subs: For private and public, prime to subs and subs to lower tiers within 7 days of an invoice.

Immigration/E-Verify Mandate

No law in place.

Percentage of State GDP From Nonresidential Construction


Incidence Rate in Construction (2013)


Occupational Safety & Health Oversight (State vs. Federal)

Federal oversight.

Percentage of Union Membership in Private Construction


Marijuana Legalization Status

Voters legalized medical marijuana in 2004 but the Montana Legislature later passed a bill limiting the scope of the initiative, including limiting dispensaries to having no more than three users.

On November 8, 2016, voters approved the Montana Medical Marijuana Initiative, also known as I-182, which repeals the three-patient limit for medical marijuana providers.

Business Facts

Minimum Wage (2016)


Percentage of Pensions Funded


Effective Real-Estate Tax Rate


Corporate Income Tax Rate(s)


Capital Spending % As Share of Total State Spending (2013)