• Project Labor Agreements

    No state policy; however, state and local government entities have implemented PLA requirements.

  • Prevailing Wage

    Yes; $25,000.

  • Right to Work


  • Public-Private Partnerships

    Statute authorizes the use of P3s on transportation projects and allows for unsolicited bids. Statute neither permits nor prohibits P3s on vertical construction projects.

  • Workforce Development Incentives

    None that are not federally funded.

  • Career and Technical Education

    91% of CTE high school graduates are placed in colleges or careers.

    Pennsylvania does recognize NCCER as an approved curriculum for CTE programs.

  • 5-Year Average Job Growth Rate (2011-16)


Monthly Unemployment Rate in Pennsylvania

Industry Overview

Prompt Pay

Private: Progress payments within 20 days after invoice and final payment 30 days after acceptance, unless otherwise agreed.
Public: Progress payments within 45 days of invoice and final payment 30 days after acceptance, unless otherwise agreed.
Subs: For both public and private, the prime must pay sub and the sub must pay lower tiers within 14 days of receiving payment.

Immigration/E-Verify Mandate

All public works contractors and subcontractors with contracts of $25,000 or more must use E-Verify. No law for private businesses or state agencies.

Percentage of State GDP From Nonresidential Construction


Incidence Rate in Construction (2013)


Occupational Safety & Health Oversight (State vs. Federal)

Federal oversight.

Percentage of Union Membership in Private Construction


Marijuana Legalization Status

Legalized for medicinal use.

Business Facts

Minimum Wage (2016)


Percentage of Pensions Funded


Effective Real-Estate Tax Rate


Corporate Income Tax Rate(s)


Capital Spending % As Share of Total State Spending (2013)