• Project Labor Agreements

    No state policy; however, state and local government entities have implemented PLA requirements.

  • Prevailing Wage

    Yes; $25,000.

  • Right to Work


  • Public-Private Partnerships

    Statute authorizes the use of P3s on transportation projects and allows for unsolicited bids. Statute neither permits nor prohibits P3s on vertical construction projects.

  • Workforce Development Incentives

    Current labor supply satisfies 151% of peak labor demand.

    State offered $364,333,000 in grants and incentives for workforce preparation and development in 2023.


  • Career and Technical Education

    90% of CTE high school graduates are placed in colleges or careers.

    Pennsylvania does recognize NCCER as an approved curriculum for CTE programs.

  • Job Growth Rate


Monthly Unemployment Rate in Pennsylvania

Please see ABC's state-by-state construction unemployment data here.

Industry Overview

Prompt Pay

Private: Progress payments within 20 days after invoice and final payment 30 days after acceptance, unless otherwise agreed.
Public: Progress payments within 45 days of invoice and final payment 30 days after acceptance, unless otherwise agreed.
Subs: For both public and private, the prime must pay sub and the sub must pay lower tiers within 14 days of receiving payment.

Immigration/E-Verify Mandate

Construction industry employers are required to utilize E-Verify for all hiring. All public works contractors and subcontractors with contracts of $25,000 or more must use E-Verify.

Percentage of State GDP From Nonresidential Construction


Incidence Rate


Occupational Safety & Health Oversight (State vs. Federal)

Federal oversight.

Percentage of Union Membership in Private Construction


Marijuana Legalization Status

Legalized for medicinal use.

Business Facts

Minimum Wage


Percentage of Pensions Funded


Effective Real-Estate Tax Rate


Corporate Income Tax Rate(s)


State and Local Public Construction Expenditures (in millions)